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There are eight elements of fiction:

*Plot and Structure
*Characterization
*Theme
*Setting
*Point of View
*Style

Plot- The sequence of incidents or events through which an author constructs a story.  *The plot is not merely the action itself, but the way the author arranges the action toward a specific end (structure).

Important elements of Plot: *Conflict- A clash of actions, ideas, desires, or wills

Types of Conflict:  Person vs. Person, Person vs. Environment, Person vs. Self.

*Protagonist- The central character in a conflict

*Antagonist- Any force arranged against the protagonist- whether persons, things, conventions of society, or the protagonists own personality traits.

*Suspense- The quality in a story that makes readers ask “what’s going to happen next?”.  In more literary forms of fiction the suspense involves more “why” than “what”. Usually produced through two devices; either mystery (an unusual set of circumstances for which the reader craves an explanation) or dilemma (a position in which a character must choose between two courses of action, both undesirable.)

Characterization

Analyzing characterization is more difficult than describing plot; human nature is infinitely complex, variable and ambiguous.  It is much easier to describe what a person has done instead of who a person is. •In commercial fiction, characters are often two-dimensional, and act as vehicles to carry out the plot.  The protagonist must be easily identified with and fundamentally decent, if he has vices they are of the more ‘innocent’ type, the kind the reader would not mind having.•Characters are presented in two different ways- directly and indirectly.•Direct Presentation- The reader is told straight out what the character is like.•Indirect Presentation- The author shows the character through their actions; the reader determines what the character is like by what they say or do.•Dramatization- Characters are shown speaking and behaving, as in a play.

Types of Characters
* Flat Characters- Usually have one or two predominant traits.  The character can be summed up in just a few lines.
*Round Characters- Complex and many faceted; have the qualities of real people.
* Stock Characters- A type of flat character.  The type of character that appears so often in fiction the reader recognizes them right away.
*Static Character-  A character that remains essentially the same throughout.
Theme

  • The theme of a piece of fiction is its controlling idea or its central insight. It is the unifying generalization about life stated or implied by the story.
  • While theme is central to a story, it is not the whole purpose.  The function of a literary writer is not to state a theme by to  show and describe  it.
  • Theme does not equal “moral”, “lesson”, or “message”.

Lessons

Elements of Prose 2

Length: 18 minutesAuthor: RextorialComplexity: Standard

The basic elements of prose are: character, setting, plot, point of view, and mood. Character refers to: biographical information; personality traits; social roles, and psychological factors such as aspirations, fears,…

Elements of Prose 3

Length: 16 minutesAuthor: RextorialComplexity: Standard

The basic elements of prose are: character, setting, plot, point of view, and mood. Character refers to: biographical information; personality traits; social roles, and psychological factors such as aspirations, fears,…